ADHD, shortening for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a type of neurological disorder that affects the part of the brain that controls the focus, planning, and execution of tasks. Globally, the prevalence rate of ADHD is 5-7%, while that of Hong Kong is 2.5% in adults and 6.4% in early adolescents and kids.
ADHD can cause behavior-related issues in the family, at school, and workplace. If not treated on time and correctly, the impacts of ADHD can persist to adulthood. Here is a closer look at the causes, diagnosis, and types of ADHD in Hong Kong.
Causes of ADHD
The causes of ADHD in Hong Kong and across the globe are somewhat unclear. Medical experts suggest that ADHD tends to run in families, with most of the affected people inheriting the conditions from their parents. However, the way ADHD gets inherited from the parent to siblings is very complex and possibly related to a single genetic fault.
The brain function and structure have also been identified as possible causes of ADHD. Studies on brain scans suggest that certain sections of the brain might be smaller or larger in persons with ADHD compared to those without the condition.
Groups at greater risk of developing ADHD include:
- Kids born prematurely.
- People with epilepsy.
- People with brain damage.
Diagnosis of ADHD in Hong Kong
ADHD in Hong Kong is one of the commonest mental disorders, and it is likely to occur more in boys than in girls. It is mainly spotted in the early school years when a kid starts having attention issues. Note that there is no single test that can be used to detect ADHD. Instead, medical specialists for ADHD in Hong Kong run multiple tests to rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms. Here are the main symptoms of ADHD.
ADHD Symptoms in Kids
- Easy distraction.
- Failing to follow or finish tasks.
- Making careless mistakes.
- Not liking things that require one to stand still.
- Trouble playing quietly.
- Blurts out answers even before his/her turn.
ADHD Symptoms in Adults
- Being late with tasks.
- Low self-esteem.
- Trouble controlling anger.
- Getting bored easily.
- Getting easily frustrated.
- Mood swings.
Types of ADHD
There are three main types of ADHD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
- Primarily Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD – This type of ADHD makes a person act “as if he/she is being driven by a sort of motor” with limited impulse control. The affected is a person being impatient, impulsive, and regularly interrupting others.
- Primarily Inattentive ADHD – People with this type of ADHD find it hard to focus, follow, and finish tasks. They also get distracted easily and might easily lose track of conversations and homework.
- Combined Type ADHD – Persons with combined ADHD depict symptoms for the other two types of ADHD. A professional in ADHD in Hong Kong concludes that patients have combined ADHD only if they meet the guidelines for the other two, primarily inattentive ADHD and primarily hyperactive-impulsive ADHD.
ADHD can easily compromise a kid’s cognitive development, cause strain in relationships, and poor performance at work. Therefore, if you notice signs of the problem, it is important to go for an ADHD test in Hong Kong. The professional will help you to adopt a combination of medications, exercise, nutrition, and behavioral therapy to manage the condition.