Hernias occur when an internal tissue or organ breaks through a weak spot or hole in a muscle. If you have a hernia and have been recommended for hernia surgery or are considering surgery as your major option for treatment, it would be best to know as much as you can about it as well and what you can expect during and after the procedure. Here, then, are some quick and essential facts on hernia surgery and repair: everything you need to know.

Basic facts

If you have a hernia, you have two basic options for surgery: hernioplasty or herniorrhaphy. Both surgeries involve the return of the displaced tissue into their original and correct position. Hernioplasty involves the use of a mesh patch, which is sewn on the tissue’s weakened portion. Surgery for hernia repair is quite common, and is seen mostly as effective and relatively safe. If you undergo hernia repair, it can be an out-patient procedure, which means that you can go home during the same day, unless the repair is done in the evening.

When do you need surgery?

A hernia can take years to develop and show symptoms, and these symptoms can show when you perform strenuous activity as well. But there are some symptoms that are more debilitating than most, and this is when you may want to consider surgery for your condition, as confirmed by an experienced hernia surgeon London from The London Surgical Group. These symptoms include long-term discomfort or pain, pain that worsens or intensifies over time, a large hernia or a hernia that is growing too fast, a hernia in a place which may worsen as it enlarges, like the groin (where groin hernia repair London from specialists like The London Surgical Group can definitely help), or sharp pain in the abdomen combined with vomiting.

The two kinds of hernia repair

  • Herniorrhaphy or tissue repair

Herniorrahaphy is the oldest type of surgery performed for hernias, and it involves the creation of a long cut or incision right over a hernia, along with various surgical tools that enable the hernia to be accessed by the surgeon. The displaced tissue or organ will be returned to its original or correct position, with the sac of the hernia removed as well. The surgeon will then stitch the hole or opening through which the hernia was protruding; once they do this and they have sterilised the wound, they will stitch it shut.

  • Hernioplasty or mesh repair

Hernioplasty is a newer and more modern method of dealing with hernias, as a dedicated hernia surgery London centres such as The London Surgical Group attests. With this procedure, the surgeon will cover the hole where the hernia is with a sterile and flat mesh rather than stitching up the opening. The surgeon will also make tiny cuts surrounding the hole following the mesh’s shape, then they will stitch the entire patch right into the intact and healthy tissues surrounding the hole. The weak or damaged tissues that surround the hernia can then make use of the mesh to give them strength and support as they begin to grow again.

The full recovery period for hernia surgery or repair can take from three to six weeks, but many people can return to work and daily activities after only a week or two.

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